Smart Systems

Smart Earth

Bakker, Karen, and Max Ritts. ‘Smart Earth: A Meta-Review and Implications for Environmental Governance’. Global Environmental Change 52 (2018): 201–11.

Gabrys, Jennifer. Program Earth: Environmental Sensing Technology and the Making of a Computational Planet. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016.

Guo, Huadong, Michael F. Goodchild, and Alessandro Annoni. Manual of Digital Earth. Cham: Springer, 2020.

Smart Villages

Stojanova, Simona, Gianluca Lentini, Peter Niederer, Thomas Egger, Nina Cvar, Andrej Kos, and Emilija Stojmenova Duh. ‘Smart Villages Policies: Past, Present and Future’. Sustainability 13, no. 4 (2021): 1663.

Smart Landscapes

The Smart Landscape: Intelligent Architecture

Smartness and Ecosystems/Biodiversity

Cugurullo, Federico. Frankenstein Urbanism: Eco, Smart and Autonomous Cities, Artificial Intelligence and the End of the City. Abingdon: Routledge, 2021.

Komninos, Nicos, Ioannis Tsampoulatidis, Christina Kakderi, Spiros Nikolopoulos, and Ioannis Kompatsiaris. “Projects for Intelligent and Smart Cities: Technology and Innovation Transforming City Ecosystems.” Preprint, 2021.

Tarek, Sara, and Ahmed Salah El-Din Ouf. “Biophilic Smart Cities: The Role of Nature and Technology in Enhancing Urban Resilience.” Journal of Engineering and Applied Science 68, no. 1 (2021): 40.

Nitoslawski, Sophie A., Nadine J. Galle, Cecil Konijnendijk Van Den Bosch, and James W. N. Steenberg. ‘Smarter Ecosystems for Smarter Cities? A Review of Trends, Technologies, and Turning Points for Smart Urban Forestry’. Sustainable Cities and Society 51 (2019): 101770.

Gupta, Praveen Kumar, Apoorva Saxena, Brahmanand Dattaprakash, Ryna Shireen Sheriff, Surabhi Hitendra Chaudhari, Varun Ullanat, and V. Chayapathy. ‘Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Environmental Science’. In Artificial Intelligence (AI), edited by Kanimozhi Suguna, M. Dhivya, and Sara Paiva, 225–39. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2021.

Political and Justice Issues


  • data justice
  • political ecology of data

Entities not visible to capitalised/commodified smart systems are excluded.

Couldry, Nick, and Ulises Ali Mejias. The Costs of Connection: How Data Is Colonizing Human Life and Appropriating It for Capitalism. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2019.

Calzada, Igor. Smart City Citizenship. Waltham: Elsevier, 2020.

It is impossible to understand global environmental governance without understanding platforms, devices, and institutions.

Nost, Eric, and Jenny Elaine Goldstein. ‘A Political Ecology of Data’. Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space 5, no. 1 (2022): 3–17.

The role algorithms and platforms in post-truth politics about nature:

Büscher, Bram. The Truth about Nature: Environmentalism in the Era of Post-Truth Politics and Platform Capitalism. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2020.

Tooling, Methods, and Approaches

M’Closkey, Karen, and Keith VanDerSys. Dynamic Patterns: Visualizing Landscapes in a Digital Age. New York: Routledge, 2017.

  1. Smart City