Cf. Place, Ecological Niche, Biosemiotics

The problem with the concept.

Dorion Sagen: house becomes the body

Indigenous peoples objections

It is impossible to separate humans or life from the 'environment'. It is a narcissistic and miopic view of the world.

Cf. Nail, Thomas. Theory of the Earth. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2021.

A New Theory of the Earth": Thomas Nail and Dorion Sagan

"Earth is no more a rock with some life on it than you are a skeleton infested with cells".


Sultan, Sonia E. Organism and Environment: Ecological Development, Niche Construction, and Adaption. New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Baedke, Jan, and Tatjana Buklijas. ‘Where Organisms Meet the Environment: Introduction to the Special Issue “What Counts as Environment in Biology and Medicine: Historical, Philosophical and Sociological Perspectives”’. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 2022. https://doi.org/10/grxd29.

Advancing scope of biology

Fábregas-Tejeda, Alejandro, and Francisco Vergara-Silva. ‘The Emerging Structure of the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis: Where Does Evo-Devo Fit In?’ Theory in Biosciences 137, no. 2 (2018): 169–84. https://doi.org/10/gfmq5j.