Corning, Peter A. The Synergism Hypothesis: A Theory of Progressive Evolution. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983.

Maynard Smith, John, and Eörs Szathmáry. The Major Transitions in Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Corning, Peter A. Nature’s Magic: Synergy in Evolution and the Fate of Humankind. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Corning, Peter A. Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Corning, Peter A. Synergistic Selection: How Cooperation Has Shaped Evolution and the Rise of Humankind. New Jersey: World Scientific, 2018.

For a review, see: Peter Nonacs, no contradictory evidence included and the claims are not defended, the claimed effects are by-products of other processes.

Rose, Anthony L. ‘Biosynergy’. In The International Encyclopedia of Primatology, 1–5. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2017.


In human 'movement studies' (e.g., human hand movement), but appears to be applicable to all types of examples of "working together":

Latash, Mark L. Synergy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.